This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Derivatives 4.0 International License- thus unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, is permitted provided that the original work is properly cited.
It is with great sadness that we have taken leave of Dr Dimitri Tassiopoulos who passed away on 16 May 2017 after a valiant battle against illness. He was a highly respected academic and a regular dedicated reviewer and contributor to this journal. He also served on a ministerial committee for tourism in South Africa and was an Associate Director of the School of Tourism & Hospitality at the Walter Sisulu University, South Africa prior to joining the HSRC (Human Sciences Research Council). A past editor of the journal worked with on a regular basis him and advised him on his wonderful academic book “New Tourism Ventures: an entrepreneurial and managerial approach. Second Edition. Cape Town: Juta (Ltd). Dimitri also contributed chapters to other books on Tourism and Hospitality. Dimitri Tassiopoulos will be sorely missed by all in the Tourism industry and by those who served with him in an academic capacity. His family are in our prayers. May God rest his soul where the righteous dwell.
We are very pleased to advise that the AJHTL journal has been selected to receive the International Star for Leadership in Quality (ISLQ) Award in the Gold category at the lnternational BlD Quality Convention which will take place in Paris, France, later in the year.
Volume 6 (2) is now open and we are accepting articles for peer reviewing. We also invite nominations for an Editor in Chief (two year term), which will be available in November as the incumbents period of service lapses then.
BEWARE of predatory scams. We are an authentic and legitimate scholarly journal. You are hereby kindly advised that the journal calling itself African Journal of Tourism Hospitality and Leisure Studies ISSN: 2413-4120 has nothing to do with our journals at Africajournals in any sense whatsoever!
AIMS & SCOPE
Dedicated to the beloved memory of the first president and father of the South African democracy and the greatest son of Africa - NELSON ROLIHLAHLA MANDELA (1918-2013)
AJHTL is an ACCREDITED journal appearing on the DHET list of approved South African journals
from January 2014
Periodicity: For 2017 Four ELECTRONIC format editions will be published (March, June, September, December) and one special edition
Foundation year: 2004
Global Impact factor: 2016: 1.017, 2015: 0.998, 2014: 0.785, 2013: 0.592, 2012: 0.475 www.globalimpactfactor.com
Journals Consortium Journal Influence Factor: 2015 0.87 http://ranking.journalsconsortium.org
Indexed in: the Comprehensive List of African Research Journals (Journals Consortium)
Indexed in EZB Elektronische Zeitschriftenbibliothek (EZB - electronic journals database)
Indexed in ROAD (Directory of Open Access scholarly Resources)
Indexed in AcademicKeys journal database
ISSN 2223 814X : This is an open-access journal - free use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium is allowed, provided that the journal, and original author/s are credited.
Article Processing Charges
Fees payable after peer-reviews but before publication: Foreign authors -R2300.00 in $US plus add bank charges per article - you pay at the prevailing US$/ZAR Exchange rate. This does not includes bank charges which are to your account. Proof of payment must be made via email.
Local authors payment in rand is R2250.00 (ZAR) per article. Proof of payment must be made via email.
Banking details will be provided on invoices sent out to authors.
Please note: If articles are not paid for by the stipulated date on the invoice, they will be permanently removed from the site and we reserve the right to not re-accept them under any circumstances.
Waiver policy: Articles from developing nations including the following may possibly be considered for publication at no charge:
Afghanistan, Angola, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, BurkinaFaso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cabo Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoro, Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Rep. Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya,Lesotho,Liberia,Madagascar,Malawi,Mali,Mauritania,Micronesia, Morocco,Mozambique, Myanmar,Namibia,Nepal,
Nicaragua, Niger, PapuaNewGuinea,Republic of Moldova, Rwanda, Senegal,Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands,Somalia,
SouthSudan,Sudan,Swaziland,Tajikistan,Togo,Tokelau,Tuvalu, Uganda,Tanzania, Uzbekistan,Vanuatu,VietNam,Yemen,
Zambia, Zimbabwe NOTE: Only 4 articles per edition will be considered in the waiving of fees.
Open Access – AJHTL is free from all access barriers, allowing for the best possible global dissemination of your article.
Retain copyright – you retain copyright and are free to disseminate your article, make copies for any use, and/or deposit in any repository or archive you like, provided you inform us thereof.
PLEASE SEE ALL RIGHTS RESERVED under notes to contributors section.
AJHTL is a proudly African, independent privately owned multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal, not aligned to any institution, published quarterly. We encourage academic debate and are fully electronic and dedicated to increasing the depth of research across a range of related disciplines with the primary objective of promoting research. New researchers are especially welcome to submit articles to us for consideration. Our articles are read by scholars, students and industry globally.
RIGOROUS PEER REVIEW PROCESS
The journal welcomes the submission of articles that satisfy the general criteria of significance and scientific excellence in the disciplines covered by its scope, and will publish only Original articles. The journal includes editorials as well as book reviews from time to time.
All articles published in AJHTL are double-blind peer reviewed by scholars who are experts in the subject/topic areas and in the disciplinary or methodological approach used. The main criterion for publication in AJHTL is that the paper must make a clear contribution substantively, theoretically or methodologically, to the body of knowledge in a specific field.
Our peer-reviewing is fair and decreases bias and we apply consistent standards in our peer-review processes.
Our Editor, Managing Editor and reviewers are never be involved in editorial decisions about their own work.
We have created and maintained a database of suitably qualified peer reviewers and their performance is impartially monitored for both quality and the timeliness of their reviews.
Articles are carefully reviewed, constructive criticisms are made and recommendations for publication or otherwise are made. All submitted articles are promptly and rigorously peer reviewed and may only be accepted after the requisite double blind peer review process stated above as per ASSAf recommendations. All submissions must be original and free from plagiarism and should not have been published anywhere else. The journal secretary collates the two (sometimes three) reviewers' comments into one template which is then sent back to the author/s for revision and resubmission for publication after a check.
All research articles published in the journal have undergone rigorous peer reviews, based on initial editor screening and anonymous refereeing. The responsibility for opinions conveyed and for the accuracy of facts published in articles and book reviews rests exclusively with the individual authors.
Our goal is to ensure a high standard of scholarship with in-depth substantive review prior to all publication. Our editorial staff are subject to the same rules and all reviews are anonymous with anonymous reviewers to limit bias. Overall quality and originality is assessed in terms of structure, narrative, themes, methods and contribution to the body of knowledge. Authors may thus be expected to effect changes and make adaptations and revisions where appropriate before publication of any manuscript. We provide open access so that articles are available to all to read and at no charge.
Note that from 2017 only 46 or less articles will be published per each of the three or four editions and the journal reserves the right to publish either more or less depending on suitable peer reviewer availability. Special editions: may be published with no more than 20 articles per edition, however the journal reserves the right to add additional articles to such editions so as to reach parity between article numbers in different volumes of the same year. Note also that no reasons need to be furnished to prospective authors as to why an article has been rejected. An administrative fee will be charged for such editions at a cost to be determined per article accepted. Other than this, no other fees are payable at all.
We seek to make accessible a knowledgebase in a wide range of related disciplines. The AJHTL with its quality articles, showcasing both current and applicable knowledge in a number of disciplines directly or indirectly related to tourism, hospitality and leisure, from across the globe, is emerging as a favoured scientific research platform amongst serious academics.
The journal incorporates all types of empirical and conceptual research in issues relevant to Tourism, Hospitality, Leisure Management and general Management. We also accept articles in the related fields of Marketing, Strategic Management, Communication Science, Business Ethics, Corporate Governance, Stakeholder Management, Operations Management, Entrepreneurship, Nutrition, Service Quality, Sustainability and Globalization- and any area which impacts in some way or other on Hospitality, Tourism and Leisure.
Researchers are invited to submit their article(s) to email@example.com for publication. We strive to inform authors of the decision on their article(s) within eleven weeks of submission. Following its acceptance, an article will be published in the next issue.
DISCLAIMER: AJHTL shall not be liable for any losses, proceedings, claims, costs, damages or expenses or any other liabilities whatsoever or howsoever originating either directly or indirectly in connection with, or in relation to or which may arise out of content in/of any article published. AJHTL does not make any representation or warranty at all regarding the accuracy or completeness for any aspect of article content. Any and all opinions and views that are expressed in any article are solely the opinions and views of the author/s and are not in way the views of AJHTL and neither are they endorsed by AJHTL. Thus the accuracy of the content of any article should not be relied upon and should be independently verified with primary sources of information.
AJHTL reserves the right not to publish any article and does not need to explain why such a decision has been made.
African Journal of Hospitality, Tourism and Leisure
PO Box 21357, Helderkruin, 1733, South Africa
ABSTRACT & INDEX
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